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20th century bicycle milestones (2nd round!)(3 posts)

20th century bicycle milestones (2nd round!)rwsh
Jan 12, 2003 8:16 AM
Hi again ... I have now listed my 20th century cycling milestones for your review and comment. My definition is that it must be attributable to a specific date, a person or a company and must have some sort of commercial follow-up to be considered a true milestone. I have been flexible on the rules! My final version will have the 19th century added (I have completed it) and will include country of origin; omitted here for reasons of space. Further comments and criticism welcomed.

1902 Henry Sturmey and James Archer develop their three-speed hub gear

1910 The first, easy-to-use derailleur invented by Paul de Vivie which shifted among four gears at the pedals

1914 Peugeot marketed the first production recumbent bicycle

1930 Tullio Campagnolo introduces the bicycle hub quick-release

1933-4 Introduction by Schwinn of the balloon tire and "streamlined" bikes which led to rugged bikes that could take the abuse of teenage boys and which set a forty-year trend

1940 Campagnolo invented the dual-rod "Cambio Corsa" gear shifter, widely used for at least a decade

1951 Introduction of Campagnolo's modern Gran Sport derailleur

1962 Launch of the Moulton small-wheeled bicycle with separately sprung suspension

1963 Schwinn introduce the Stingray which subsequently helped launch the BMX craze

1964 The SunTour Grand Prix is marketed as the first slant parallelogram derailleur, a design that has held up till the present

1969 SunTour introduces both an indexed shift lever, the Five-Speed Click, and a combined freewheel-plus-rear hub, the Unit Hub

1974 Teledyne markets the first titanium bike that was produced in any quantity (Speedwell of England had some Ti production frames as far back as the 1960s, welded by Lamborghini!)

1981 The Specialized Stumpjumper mountain bike is launched, capitalizing on the Marin County vogue inspired by Californian icons, Gary Fisher, Joe Breeze, Tom Richey (all of whom also produced mountain bikes) et al.

1984 LOOK markets their clipless pedal (following on an earlier track model launched by Cinelli in 1970)

1985 Shimano introduced SIS indexed shifting (learning from their inferior product, the Positron, from 1977)

1986 Kestrel introduces the first production non-lugged, carbon fiber frame and Trek market their first lugged carbon frame

1987 Paul Turner demonstrates a full suspension bicycle with front and rear shocks. Eventually became a partner in Rock Shox. Diversified the sport of off-road biking

1990 Shimano introduced integrated brake/gear levers

1992 Hanz Scholz designed the Bike Friday "World Tourist" with its suitcase travel system. Not the first portable bicycle but the most practical to date

1996 Campagnolo patented an electronically-actuated rear derailleur. Valentino Campagnolo, son of Tullio, listed as inventor. Mavic's unsuccessful system ceased production in 2001
re: 20th century bicycle milestones (2nd round!)wspokes
Jan 14, 2003 4:12 AM
How about Bianchi's dual suspension folding military bike? Check up on that one if you can find the info. It was in one of the mid 90s Bianchi catalogs. It has to mark a start of innovation or milestone.
re: 20th century bicycle milestones (2nd round!)bicyclerepairman
May 28, 2003 3:20 PM
1977: Exxon, in partnership with Mossberg, produce the first (lugged?...outside tube diameters were about the same as classic steel frames...) carbon fiber frameset. Sold as a Mossberg, it was built up with Dura Ace components.