|20th century bicycle milestones (2nd round!)||rwsh|
Jan 12, 2003 8:15 AM
|Hi again ... I have now listed my 20th century cycling milestones for your review and comment. My definition is that it must be attributable to a specific date, a person or a company and must have some sort of commercial follow-up to be considered a true milestone. I have been flexible on the rules! My final version will have the 19th century added (I have completed it) and will country of origin; omitted here for reasons of space. Further comments and criticism welcomed.
1902 Henry Sturmey and James Archer develop their three-speed hub gear
1910 The first, easy-to-use derailleur invented by Paul de Vivie which shifted among four gears at the pedals
1914 Peugeot marketed the first production recumbent bicycle
1930 Tullio Campagnolo introduces the bicycle hub quick-release
1933-4 Introduction by Schwinn of the balloon tire and "streamlined" bikes which led to rugged bikes that could take the abuse of teenage boys and which set a forty-year trend
1940 Campagnolo invented the dual-rod "Cambio Corsa" gear shifter, widely used for at least a decade
1951 Introduction of Campagnolo's modern Gran Sport derailleur
1962 Launch of the Moulton small-wheeled bicycle with separately sprung suspension
1963 Schwinn introduce the Stingray which subsequently helped launch the BMX craze
1964 The SunTour Grand Prix is marketed as the first slant parallelogram derailleur, a design that has held up till the present
1969 SunTour introduces both an indexed shift lever, the Five-Speed Click, and a combined freewheel-plus-rear hub, the Unit Hub
1974 Teledyne markets the first titanium bike that was produced in any quantity (Speedwell of England had some Ti production frames as far back as the 1960s, welded by Lamborghini!)
1981 The Specialized Stumpjumper mountain bike is launched, capitalizing on the Marin County vogue inspired by Californian icons, Gary Fisher, Joe Breeze, Tom Richey (all of whom also produced mountain bikes) et al.
1984 LOOK markets their clipless pedal (following on an earlier track model launched by Cinelli in 1970)
1985 Shimano introduced SIS indexed shifting (learning from their inferior product, the Positron, from 1977)
1986 Kestrel introduces the first production non-lugged, carbon fiber frame and Trek market their first lugged carbon frame
1987 Paul Turner demonstrates a full suspension bicycle with front and rear shocks. Eventually became a partner in Rock Shox. Diversified the sport of off-road biking
1990 Shimano introduced integrated brake/gear levers
1992 Hanz Scholz designed the Bike Friday "World Tourist" with its suitcase travel system. Not the first portable bicycle but the most practical to date
1996 Campagnolo patented an electronically-actuated rear derailleur. Valentino Campagnolo, son of Tullio, listed as inventor. Mavic's unsuccessful system ceased production in 2001
|What is this for?||TJeanloz|
Jan 12, 2003 10:03 AM
|If the list is for your own entertainment and edification, it's fine, but if it is to be used as an authoritative source (for, say, an encyclopaedia) it isn't entirely accurate, and unfairly editorializes some products.|
|What is this for?||rwsh|
Jan 12, 2003 5:47 PM
|Thanks for your comment .... its for our Club newsletter and website ..... if you would like to clarify the inaccuracies and let me know which items have been unfairly treated, I shall, of course, be very happy to incorporate any suggestions you might have. Many thanks.|
|What is this for?||TJeanloz|
Jan 13, 2003 8:14 AM
|(1) I think the folks at Aegis would contend that they built the first production monocoque carbon frames, Kestrel was an offshoot of Aegis, building bikes as a single lay-up instead of in three peices. But the technology was initially developed at Aegis.
(2) Mavic introduced ZAP Electronic shifting in 1993, and brought it to market. Browning Research invented an electronically actuated system in 1974. I don't know that the existence of a Campagnolo patent is even worth mentioning in this context; at least until they bring a system to market that ends up dominating.
|What is this for?||rwsh|
Jan 13, 2003 4:58 PM
|many thanks .... I will use your corrections ......|
|Aero wheels and frames can also be added||PODIUMBOUNDdotCA|
Jan 12, 2003 10:40 AM
|Aero wheels and frames could also be added. Aero wheels have become a huge factor in timed races such as TT's on the road and then on the track.
Then even more insane lengths were reached with bicycle frames being contorted just about everuy way imaginable to be more aerodynamic/save weight. Ex. US super bike at the 96 Olympics. Within a couple years the subsequent UCI rules at least somewhat confining the bicycle to the "traditional" diamond shape was a huge step.
Also you might want to include the new tubeless technology which is emerging on mtn bikes.
|Aero wheels and frames can also be added||rwsh|
Jan 12, 2003 5:48 PM
|Many thanks, Nick .....|
|few things left out||DougSloan|
Jan 12, 2003 2:38 PM
|*aerobars (the single most effective speed enhancement since pneumatic tires) can't recall, but Scott may have first marketed, and popularlized by Lemond
*disc wheels and tri-spokes
*9 speeds, 10 speeds...
*lightweight aluminum frames (I think they drove the weight weenie trends)
*lycra (not the bike itself, of course)
*cartridge and sealed bearings
|few things left out||rwsh|
Jan 12, 2003 5:49 PM
|good ideas ..... many thanks ....|| |